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Do we need two separate mechanisms to describe executive failures vs. more adaptive mind-wandering?

Baas, S.H. (2015) Do we need two separate mechanisms to describe executive failures vs. more adaptive mind-wandering? Bachelor's Thesis, Artificial Intelligence.

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Abstract

Having task-unrelated thoughts is called mind-wandering. Mind-wandering can have both positive and negative effects during certain tasks. We will look at two types of mind-wandering, each corresponding to the negative and positive effects: adaptive mind-wandering (for instance planning the future during a task) and executive failures (failure to attend to a task). Two experiments were set up to examine the differences between these two types of mind-wandering: a Working Memory (WM) task and a Choice Reaction Time (CRT) task. In the CRT task no constant attention was required while in the WM task continuous attention was required in order to minimize errors. Results showed that in the WM task participants reported to be on-task significantly more often than in the CRT task. Two ACT-R models were constructed to examine the differences between executive failures and adaptive mind-wandering, one for each of these tasks.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Degree programme: Artificial Intelligence
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 08:09
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 08:09
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/13440

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