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Do children and adults associate elk(each) with distributivity and ieder(every) with collectivity?

Bouwmeester, S. (2016) Do children and adults associate elk(each) with distributivity and ieder(every) with collectivity? Bachelor's Thesis, Artificial Intelligence.

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Abstract

In this study two Dutch quantifiers were considered: elk and ieder. We investigated whether or not there is a distinction between them like there is between each, which induces a strong preference for distributive readings, and every, which allows both distributive and collective readings. In Experiment 1 we tested adults, older children(age 7-8) and young children(age 5-6) with a preference task. We found that Dutch does not distinguish between the two quantifiers in terms of distributivity. Older children preferred collective readings for both quantifiers, which is like child preferences for every, while adults preferred distributive readings for both elk and ieder. Young Dutch speaking children do not distinguish between the quantifiers; perhaps they do not understand elk or ieder yet, just like English speaking young children. The results of the first experiment showed signs of masking due to its forced choice design. We tested another group of adults in a follow-up experiment. It featured a both option, beside collectivity and distributivity. Adults overwhelmingly choose both. That preference, together with the child preferences of Experiment 1 indicate that both elk and ieder are like every. Dutch does not appear to have a quantifier like each.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Degree programme: Artificial Intelligence
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 08:24
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 08:24
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/14484

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