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Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation

Snoek, M. van der (2016) Ecological Mangrove Rehabilitation. Master's Thesis / Essay, Marine Biology.

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Abstract

Coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, are considered to be the most productive ecosystems in the world, providing a range of beneficial ecosystem services (Costanza et al 2008). These ecosystem services comprise of storm buffering, fish nurseries, protection from shore erosion, carbon sink capacity and increased biodiversity. Due to anthropogenic effects and activities such as land reclamation, sea level rise (due to climate change), pollution and drainage, these coastal ecosystems have been degrading in a fast pace for the last several decades. It has been estimated that 35% of mangroves worldwide have been damaged and are disappearing, which translates into a loss of beneficial ecosystems services they could provide (Barbier et al 2011). Coastal wetland rehabilitation projects have gained significant attention since the 1960s and it has become an important research field in ecology (Zhao et al 2016). For mangroves in particular, large mangrove rehabilitation projects started in the 1960s in Bangladesh for shore protection and funding increased after the 2004 tsunami event in Asia. Mangrove rehabilitation projects normally consist of large plantings of mangroves and their propagules however, success rates are low or even undocumented (Wibisono & Suryadiputra 2006). Recently, the aim has shifted towards ecological mangrove rehabilitation (EMR). This rehabilitation concept aims to restore hydrodynamic and physiological conditions of the rehabilitation site for mangroves to re-establish on its own without the need for planting (Trump et al 2015; Zhao et al 2016). The aim of this essay is to create an overview of the status of ecological mangrove rehabilitation (EMR) and compare it with other rehabilitation techniques.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's Thesis / Essay)
Degree programme: Marine Biology
Thesis type: Master's Thesis / Essay
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 08:26
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 08:26
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/14819

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