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The Origin of Mimicry

Wiggers, B (2017) The Origin of Mimicry. Bachelor's Thesis, Artificial Intelligence.

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Abstract

One of the most remarkable phenomena in nature is mimicry, the ability of one species (mimics) to imitate the phenotype of another species (models). Several reasons for the origin of mimicry have been proposed, but no definitive conclusion has been found yet. In this paper, different hypotheses will be tested by an agent based co-evolution model. We consider an adaptive plane with a camouflage and toxic gradient. Animal populations can move over this adaptive plane by evolving. Two options will be compared: (1) Deception, which assumes that mimics evolve to take advantage of the warning color of the models. (2) Coincidence, where models evolve a warning color that coincidentally benefits the mimics. We found that both the hypotheses are a plausible reason for the origin of mimicry, but that deception takes place in the coincidence environment as well. When the model loses its camouflage, the mimics do not move toward the model, but stay in their own place, which supports the idea of coincidence.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Degree programme: Artificial Intelligence
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 08:31
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 08:31
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/15743

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