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Frisian greenhouse gas emission policy

Zuidema, Arjan (2019) Frisian greenhouse gas emission policy. Research Project 1, Energy and Environmental Sciences.


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This study researched the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission policy for the rural province of Friesland. The transition towards lower GHG emissions will have a large impact on the landscape. The regional governmental level of provinces is responsible for spatial planning; therefore, provinces are important for GHG emission-reducing policy. It is evaluated whether the current policies in Friesland are enough to reach the Paris agreement target of 95% emission reduction. Current policy planned by Friesland focusses on energy-related GHG emissions. Friesland aims to be fossil fuel free 2050. Policy for GHG emissions from biogenic sources (produced by living organisms) is minimally discussed in the policy documents. A data-analysis of current GHG emissions of Friesland shows that most emissions are attributed to the biogenic sectors: agriculture and landuse, nature & forestry. While nationally only 17% of the GHG emissions are attributed to these sectors, Friesland has 60% of its GHG emissions attributed to these sectors. The GHG emission policy and the GHG emissions are further analyzed in a quantitative scenario analysis in the regional emission model (REM). GHG emissions are calculated for three scenarios: BAU, PLUS and PARIS. Both current policy (BAU) and doubled targets for emission reduction (PLUS) are not enough to reduce emissions by the Paris agreement target. The third scenario includes drastic measures to reduce GHG emissions by 95%. A sociopolitical assessment is conducted by interviewing five stakeholders representing the major parties in Friesland. Willingness of discussed biogenic GHG emission reducing policies were lower than energy-related GHG emissions policies. Compensation for loss of income and public opinion of technologies came forward as major conflicting interests. Policies and targets show promise to the ability of Friesland to eliminate energy-related GHG emissions by 2050. However, major challenges are found in reducing biogenic GHG emissions.

Item Type: Thesis (Research Project 1)
Supervisor nameSupervisor E mail
Degree programme: Energy and Environmental Sciences
Thesis type: Research Project 1
Language: English
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2019
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2019 13:38

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