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Bacillus species applied in agriculture to increase crop yield and germination induction of Bacillus spores to promote plant growth

Coenradij, Jelmer (2019) Bacillus species applied in agriculture to increase crop yield and germination induction of Bacillus spores to promote plant growth. Bachelor's Thesis, Biology.

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Abstract

The increasing global population causes an increase in agricultural production pressure. At the same time infectious plant diseases, climate change and competition for available land cause a threat to food production. Therefore, methods need to be researched to increase crop yield. In this thesis the application of Bacillus species is proposed as a likely candidate for agricultural improvement. Bacillus is introduced here as a biocontrol agent that may partially replace the use of chemical pesticides. On top of the biocontrol properties of Bacillus species, additional positive characteristics for agriculture are mentioned. A general overview of the mechanism of plant growth promotion by bacteria is given in which the concepts of plant-microbe interactions are explained and the antimicrobial compounds produced by Bacillus species are outlined. The thesis sought to give an overview as to why the production needs to be increased and how this can be accomplished. A deeper insight in the process of germination, which is a requirement to implement Bacillus species in agriculture, is given in the final part of this thesis. In addition, this part will make it clear that more research is still required on the topic. This is followed by a discussion and conclusion that gives an overview on the positive and negative sides of Bacillus application in agriculture.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Supervisor:
Supervisor nameSupervisor E mail
Morawska, L.P.L.P.Morawska@rug.nl
Degree programme: Biology
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2019
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2019 10:33
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/20640

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