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Leadership in movement-aligning groups

Reid, D.A.P. (2005) Leadership in movement-aligning groups. Master's Thesis / Essay, Artificial Intelligence.

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Abstract

Many models have shown that schooling behaviour can arise through self-organisation, using individual-based models. In this study, I adapt a model in which agents engage in dominance interactions with winnerloser effects, resulting in a dominance hierarchy. I add schooling and goal-directed behaviour to the model. The effects of different gradients of hierarchy on group structure are examined, in schools both containing agents with a spatial target(goal-directed) and schools without goal-directed members. The gradient of hierarchy is found to have no influence on group structure of movement-aligning groups in this model. Goal-directed agents are found to strongly move towards the front of the group over time. This process is affected by both gradient of hierarchy and whether the goal-directed agents are dominant or subordinate: if the gradient is steep, dominant goal-directed agents reach the front of the group sooner than in groups with a shallow gradient; the opposite holds when subordinate agents are goal-directed.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's Thesis / Essay)
Degree programme: Artificial Intelligence
Thesis type: Master's Thesis / Essay
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 07:29
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 07:29
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/8666

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