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Hor-I-Spell, a mental typewriter based on a beta-burst brain switch

Kraaikamp, E. (2012) Hor-I-Spell, a mental typewriter based on a beta-burst brain switch. Master's Thesis / Essay, Human-Machine Communication.

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A brain-computer interface (BCI) provides a non-muscular communication channel for people with and without disabilities. State-of-the-art EEG-based BCI spelling applications traditionally make use of a two-class motor-imagery tasks, based on mu-band activity (8-12 Hz), to move a cursor and select letters presented on a computer screen. However, a continuing study at the University of Groningen has shown that beta-band activity (16-26 Hz) could be used as a reliable binary selection signal, and in this study a non-invasive EEG-based BCI spelling application was developed based on such a single binary selection signal. In the first stage of the study several spelling applications were developed and tested in an extensive offline user study to find the best performing application based on a single binary selection signal. The second stage consisted of applying this Hor-I-Spell spelling application in an EEG setting to develop a semi-automatic calibration method used to operate Hor-I-Spell in the final stage of the experiment. Although two subjects were able to gain periodic control over the spelling application, this was not enough to operate the Hor-I-Spell spelling application reliably and let the subjects type sentences. Further research needs to be done to establish whether or not the performance of subjects can be improved after extensive training.

Item Type: Thesis (Master's Thesis / Essay)
Supervisor name: Schomaker, L.
Degree programme: Human-Machine Communication
Thesis type: Master's Thesis / Essay
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 07:48
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 12:15

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