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Older Adults' Comprehension of Distributive and Collective Quantification

Velde, M. A. van der (2015) Older Adults' Comprehension of Distributive and Collective Quantification. Bachelor's Thesis, Artificial Intelligence.

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Sentences containing numerically quantified expressions (NQEs), such as 'Three people are holding two lamps', have multiple interpretations. Previous studies found that inserting 'each' causes young adults to strongly prefer a distributive reading, while five-year old children will readily accept both distributive and collective interpretations. This study investigated if adults over the age of 65 are similar to children in NQE interpretation due to age-related declines in working memory and inhibition. 24 older adults (mean age 74) participated in a truth-value judgement task with a 2 x 2 design. The factors were image type (distributive or collective) and sentence type (3/2 or 3/each/2). Additionally, working memory capacity and inhibition were measured. Unexpectedly, older adults' performance equalled or exceeded that of young adults. No effects of working memory capacity or inhibition were found.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Degree programme: Artificial Intelligence
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 08:05
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2018 08:05

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