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Chemical bonding in simple compounds

Perolari, Francesca (2018) Chemical bonding in simple compounds. Bachelor's Thesis, Chemistry.


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Quantum mechanical studies show that there is a new class of compounds called carbone, with the general structure of CL2, where the carbon retains two lone pairs and L, the ligands, donate their electrons, forming dative bonds with the divalent (0) carbon. A Valence Bond analysis of carbon monoxide, dioxide and suboxide allowed to investigate the nature of the bonding scheme and definition of these molecules, as an attempt to clarify whether they can be classified as carbones. For carbon dioxide the already known linear structure with two double bonds has been confirmed, while for carbon monoxide and suboxide it was found that the use of bond arrows is more appropriate, indicating the presence of dative rather than covalent bonds. While carbon monoxide is characterized by both covalent and dative bonds that generate a triplebond structure, carbon suboxide’s main contribution is from the dative bond perspective, thus making it a carbone.

Item Type: Thesis (Bachelor's Thesis)
Supervisor name: Havenith, R.W.A.
Degree programme: Chemistry
Thesis type: Bachelor's Thesis
Language: English
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2018
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2018 06:54

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