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The predictability of second language learning rate in seniors based on resting-state EEG

Rook, Janine, J. (2020) The predictability of second language learning rate in seniors based on resting-state EEG. Research Project 1 (minor thesis), Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences.

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Abstract

Resting-state EEG research is quite a new paradigm in neurolinguistics. Some neurolinguistic studies using this technique looked into the power of frequency bands in resting-state EEG recordings and stated that the variance in second language learning rate of college-aged individuals can be predicted based on this power (e.g. Prat et al., 2016). Resting-state EEG research hitherto mainly focussed on this age group. Because of the growing senior population in our world and the presumption that second language learning supports healthy ageing, it is important to include seniors in neurolinguistic research. We therefore decided to extend the existing studies to an older population in order to determine whether also second language learning rate in this age group can be predicted based on a resting-state eyes-open EEG. Seven healthy functionally monolingual Dutch seniors completed a four-week English as a second language course and underwent a resting-state EEG. We found that resting-state EEG indices at an electrode and at the brain level could predict how fast seniors were able to learn a second language. Specifically, the low-beta and gamma frequency band were strongly significantly correlated with second language learning rate in seniors. These findings were partly in line with the results in young adult research.

Item Type: Thesis (Research Project 1 (minor thesis))
Supervisor name: Keijzer, M.C.J. and Ploeg, A.M. van der
Degree programme: Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences
Thesis type: Research Project 1 (minor thesis)
Language: English
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 13:24
URI: http://fse.studenttheses.ub.rug.nl/id/eprint/23175

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